Find the information you need about Ozone Treatment, including how it works and its benefits.
WHAT IS OZONE?
Ozone consists of three oxygen atoms. Ozone is nature’s way of cleaning the environment. When you hear the news about the damage to the ozone layer, you may think that ozone is air pollution or smog. It is neither. The name “ozone” is derived from the Greek word “ozein” which means “to smell”. Ozone is a bluish water-soluble gas with a characteristic odor. It is made of oxygen atoms, which are naturally found in nature. It forms when oxygen and ultraviolet light interact high in the stratosphere.
Being heavier than oxygen, this newly created ozone falls back to earth. Because it is very unstable, O3 will quickly give up one atom of oxygen, which attaches itself to pollutants or contaminants and oxidizes them. After oxidizing substances, it simply reverts to oxygen. Ozone’s job is to purify our air and water. Ozone is one of the most powerful destroyers of viruses and bacteria found in nature. It also destroys molds, yeasts, and most odors.
In nature, ozone is created by waterfalls, the ocean’s surf, and thunder and lightning storms. It is the fresh smell of air at the seashore or the sweet smell after an electrical storm. Throughout life, in medical therapy, and in the treatment of toxic waste, the ability of ozone to emit a single oxygen atom is critical. In addition, ozone combines with the lower atmosphere’s toxic chemicals given off by automobiles, trucks, buses, utility industries, and other noxious gases to neutralize them. But when ozone is overpowered by these chemicals, it becomes a tiny part of the hazy brown smog of harmful gases you can see. It is inaccurate to blame our environmental problems on ozone. Because it is nature’s way of cleaning our environment.
OZONE IS AN NATURAL AIR PURIFIER
Ozone is the strongest natural bactericide, fungicide, and virucide known to man. It oxidizes airborne pollutants to destroy them. Ozone generators purify the air and add oxygen to it. For years ozone treatment has been used to disinfect the air in hospitals, hotels, bars, restaurants, hair salons, veterinary kennels, wastewater treatment facilities, and many others. Ozone is effective at destroying and eliminating airborne pollutants, chemicals, odors, fungi, mold, bacteria, and viruses from the air.
Ozone does not work by masking or covering up the problem. Instead, when the ozone molecule comes into contact with a pollutant, one of the oxygen atoms attaches to the pollutant and destroys it by oxidizing it. Due to the increase in the number of chemicals used in all industries such as industrial glues, insulation, formaldehyde, carpets (which can contain up to 120 chemicals), upholstery, draperies, and cleaning chemicals cleanliness added to the poor ventilation of the spaces. More people become severely allergic people can often develop flu-like symptoms.
Ozone treatment is one of the few methods that can safely be used to treat petrochemical pollutants, breaking them down into the less harmful substances of carbon dioxide and water. It destroys and eliminates herbicides and pesticides. It leaves no toxic by-products or residues and is non-carcinogenic.
HERE IS WHAT SOME EXPERTS SAY ABOUT OZONE:
“The trouble is that one soon gets used to dirty air, and offensive odors are not apt to be noticed after a while, but the fact remains that pure air is more wholesome than contaminated air. In daily life, it is almost impossible to provide fresh air. No amount of ventilation, not even an unbearable draft, will be able to keep a room or a place in proper condition unless one takes recourse to ventilate with ozonized air. Removal of foul odors by means of air flushing is an absolute impossibility, and yet they should be removed. That is where ozone comes in. The method of purifying the air by ozone has the advantage of being fully reliable, very efficient, and inexpensive.”
• A. Vosmaer, Ph.D., Electrical and Chemical Engineer, London, England •
In “Ozone, its Manufacture, Properties and Uses”
“Ozone destroys virtually all odors that are present. It does not merely mask them. The destruction of odors is impossible when air is circulated only, or when oxygen is used. Cold storage warehouses, which store all kinds of food products, have proven this. Odors are not present regardless of how strong they might be, or where they may originate if only low concentrations of Ozone are used.”
• E. W. Reisbeck. M. E., Ozone Research Authority •
In “Air Conditioning and Ozone Facts”
“As a deodorant for odors and stenches of organic origin, ozone has long proven effective and we can only confirm this general opinion.”
• DR. PHILIP DRINKER, SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, HARVARD UNIVERSITY
“Ozone treatment destroys organic odors. Ozone is a deodorizer of powerful stenches, such as from garbage incineration and fat rendering. When the odors from chimneys cause public nuisance, Ozone has big commercial potential.”
• Milton J. Rosenaw, MD
In “Preventive Medicine and Hygiene”
“Experiments with cholera and typhus bacteria are rather awkward to be carried out in a private plant, handling, say a million gallons of water per day, and the firm Siemens and Halske were very fortunate to find the Prussian State officials willing and ready to test the matter. Dr. Ohlmueller and Dr. Prall published the results of their findings regarding the action of Ozone on bacteria. The experimental series covered the effect of Ozone on pure water infected with 16,000 cholera, at another time with 30,000 to 40,000 typhus, and another time with 20,000 to 40,000 coli bacteria. The result was absolute sterility after treatment. We then tested infected ordinary river water that contained over 4,000 bacteria. After treatment with Ozone, some 5 or 6 were left, and those were harmless.”
• E. HOWLETT, ME
“Ozone treatment is a powerful germicidal. Its high germicidal activity is doubtless due to its oxidizing power.”
• E. K. RIDEAL, PH.D.
“Ozone generators have been installed in many homes, and that super-oxygen is particularly destructive to all microbes and at the same time it makes inert the dangerous dust with its bacteria-laden tenants.”
• W. E. ANGHINBAUGH, MD •
“One part Ozone in 2 million p. solution renders the virus poliomyelitis inactive within 2 minutes compared with the double amount of chlorine using 3 hours.”
THE EFFECTS OF OZONE ON PATHOGENS
The antipathogenic effects of ozone have been substantiated for several decades. Its killing action upon bacteria, viruses, fungi, and many species of protozoa, serves as the basis for its increasing use in disinfecting municipal water supplies in cities worldwide. Furthermore, bacteria are microscopically small single-cell creatures having a primitive structure. They take up foodstuff and release metabolic products, and multiply by division. The bacteria body is sealed by a relatively solid cell membrane. Their vital processes are controlled by a complex enzymatic system.
Ozone interferes with the operation of the bacterium cells, most likely through inhibiting and blocking the operation of the enzymatic control system. Indeed, a sufficient amount of ozone breaks through the cell membrane, leading to the destruction of the bacteria. Viruses are small, independent particles, made up of crystals and macromolecules. Unlike bacteria, they multiply only within the host cell. Ozone destroys viruses by diffusing through the protein coat into the nucleic acid core, resulting in damage to the viral RNA.
In higher concentrations, ozone destroys the outer protein coat by oxidation. Hazardous and resistant bacteria and pathogens in effluents, such as coliforms Salmonella, show marked sensitivity to ozone inactivation. Other bacterial organisms are also susceptible to ozone, such as Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Yersinia enterocolitica, Campylobacter jejuni, Mycobacteria, Klebsiella pneumonia, and Escherichia coli. As exemplified by decubitus ulcers and gangrene, ozone kills aerobic and anaerobic bacteria that cause many complicated infections.
MECHANISMS OF DESTROYING BACTERIA WITH OXYGEN
The mechanisms of ozone bacterial destruction need to be further elucidated. It is known that the cell envelopes of bacteria are made of polysaccharides and proteins. In GRam Negative organisms, fatty acid alkyl chains and helical lipoproteins are present. In acid-fast bacteria, bacteria, such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, one-third to one-half of the capsule is formed of complex lipids, and glycolipids (sulfolipds, lipopolysaccharides, mycosides, trehalose mycolates). Ozone may also penetrate the cellular envelope, directly affecting cytoplasmic integrity, disrupting any one of numerous levels of its metabolic complexities.
Numerous families of viruses including poliovirus 1 and 2, human rotaviruses, Norwalk virus, Parvovirus, and Hepatitis A, B, and non-A non-B, among many others, are susceptible to the virucidal actions of ozone. Most research efforts on ozone’s virucidal effects have centered upon ozone’s propensity to break apart lipid molecules at sites of multiple bond configuration. Indeed, once the lipid envelope of the virus is fragmented, its DNA or RNA core cannot survive Non-envelope viruses (Adenoviridae, Picornaviridae, Namely poliovirus, Coxsackie, Echovirus, Rhinovirus, Hepatitis A and E, and Reovirdae (Rotavirus), have also begun to be studied Viruses that do not have an envelope are called “naked viruses.”
They are constituted of a nucleic acid core (made of DNA or RNA) and a nucleic acid coat, or capsid, made of protein. Pzone, however, aside from its well-recognized action upon unsaturated lipids, can also interact with certain proteins and their constituents, namely amino acids. Indeed, when ozone comes in contact with capsid proteins and protein hydroxides, protein hydroperoxides are formed. Viruses have no protection against oxidative stress. In contrast, mammalian cells possess complex systems of enzymes that tend to protect them from free radicals and oxidative stress. It may thus be possible to treat their natural defenses while attacking pathogens devoid of similar defenses.
OZONE DESTROYS THE ENDOGENOUS LIPID ENVELOPE OF VIRUSES
Enveloped viruses are typically more sensitive to physicochemical challenges than naked virions. Ozone treatment is known to interact with proteins, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids. This becomes especially relevant when considering the ozone inactivation of unenveloped virions. Fungal families inhabited and destroyed by ozone exposure included Candida, Aspergillus, Histoplasma, Actinomycoses, and Cryptococcus. Fungal walls are multi-layered and made up of approximately 80% carbohydrates and 10% proteins and glycoproteins. The presence of many disulfide bonds has been observed, making this a possible site for oxidative inactivation by ozone. However, all things considered, ozone is likely to diffuse through the fungal wall into the cells of the organism, disrupting the cellular organelles. Protozoan organisms altered by ozone include Giardia, Cryptosporidium, and free-living amoebae, namely Acanthamoeba, Hartmonella, and Naegleria. The unit-protozoan action has not yet been elucidated.